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Friday, July 31, 2020 | History

2 edition of Molecular aspects of bovine enterovirus. found in the catalog.

Molecular aspects of bovine enterovirus.

Columba James Devlin

Molecular aspects of bovine enterovirus.

by Columba James Devlin

  • 161 Want to read
  • 4 Currently reading

Published .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Thesis (M. Sc.)--The Queen"sUniversity of Belfast, 1985.

The Physical Object
Pagination1 v
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL19799399M

Nowadays, molecular biology techniques allow the use of very sensitive and specific reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) procedures to detect enteroviruses. In this chapter, using bovine enterovirus as a model, we describe procedures for enterovirus detection. Six viruses: bovine astrovirus (BAstV), bovine enterovirus (BEV), bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV), bovine coronavirus (BCoV), bovine rotavirus (BRV) and bovine torovirus (BToV) were analyzed in.

  Enteroviru 89, 90 and 91 represent a novel group within the species Human enterovirus A. J Gen Virol. Feb. Oberste MS, Maher K, Nix WA, et al. Molecular identification of 13 new enterovirus types, EV, EV97, and EV, members of the species Human Enterovirus B. Virus Res. Sep. () The pathogenesis and virulence of Bovine enterovirus-1 (BEV-1) in cattle is largely s concerning its virulence suggest that there might be an association between BEV-1 infections and a range of diseases in cattle that vary from respiratory to enteric to reproductive disease and infertility.

  Backgrounds The Enterovirus genus of the family of Picornaviridae consists of 9 species of Enteroviruses and 3 species of Rhinoviruses based on the latest virus taxonomy. Those viruses contribute significantly to respiratory and digestive disorders in human and animals. Out of 9 Enterovirus species, Enterovirus E-G are closely related to diseases affecting on livestock industry.   The bovine enterovirus type 1 (BEV‐1) infection has a wide range of host spectrum including humans. In this study, seroprevalence of BEV‐1 was investigated in eight mammalian species. Blood serum samples were collected from humans, cattle, horse, dog, sheep, goat, 18 camel (Camelus dromedarius) and 82 gazelle.


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Molecular aspects of bovine enterovirus by Columba James Devlin Download PDF EPUB FB2

This book represents a comprehensive tour of the current most important enterovirus research. The editors, Dr. Jackson and Dr. Coyne, have assembled a group of enteropviral experts who cover topics including viral entry and the hijacking of host functions; the dynamic analysis of ever-evolving virus genomes; the cellular membrane changes.

Although bovine enterovirus (BEV) is not a zoonotic pathogen, it has been suggested as a potential indicator of fecal contamination from animals (cattle/deer) and a molecular epidemiological tool; it is a relatively stable, nonenveloped virus (Ley et al., ).

Bovine enterovirus (BEV) was isolated from diarrheic calves in Egypt. Sequencing revealed of BEV/Egypt///KM to have nucleotides (nt).

The organization of nt was typical of the BEV genome including nt in 5′NTR, nt in ORF, and 97 nt in 3′ by: 5. Molecular Identification and Characterization of a New Type of Bovine Enterovirus Article (PDF Available) in Applied and Environmental Microbiology 78(12).

The identification and characterization of viruses of the genus Enterovirus in healthy and infected livestock, including cattle and goats, have been virus E (EV-E) and Enterovirus F (EV-F) are commonly found in cattle, whereas Enterovirus G (EV-G) is found in goats. In this study, molecular and phylogenetic analyses were performed to determine the prevalence of EVs Molecular aspects of bovine enterovirus.

book by: 1. Bovine enteroviruses belong to the family Picornaviridae. Little is known about their pathogenic potential; however, they cause asymptomatic infections in cattle and are excreted in feces. In the present study, viruses isolated from environmental samples were sequenced.

According to phylogenetic analyses and standard picornavirus nomenclature, these isolates constitute a new type of bovine. Bovine enterovirus (BEV), a member of the Picornaviridae family (22), is endemic in some cattle herds and cattle envi- ronments around the world (2, 14, 17, 36).

This book represents a comprehensive tour of the current most important enterovirus research. Topics covered include viral entry and the hijacking of host functions; the dynamic analysis of ever-evolving virus genomes; the cellular membrane changes promoting virus assembly and release.

A must-read for anyone with an interest in this family of viruses. Introduction. Bovine enterovirus is a small RNA picornavirus causing reproductive, gastrointestinal and respiratory disease in cattle. Most have a low virulence. The enteroviruses multiply primarily in the gastrointestinal tract but also in the muscles and nervous tissue.

There are 10 recognised serotypes within 2 serogroups. BEV is also often found concurrently with other diseases, including.

Bovine Enteroviruses as Indicators of Fecal Contamination Article (PDF Available) in Applied and Environmental Microbiology 68(7) August with 45 Reads How we measure 'reads'.

The inactivation of a bovine enterovirus and a bovine parvovirus in cattle manure by anaerobic digestion, heat treatment, gamma irradiation, ensilage and composting - Volume 97 Issue 1 - H. Monteith, E.

Shannon, J. Derbyshire. Enterovirus E (formerly bovine enterovirus (BEV)) is a picornavirus of the genus virus may also be referred to as enteric cytopathic bovine orphan virus (ECBO). It is endemic in cattle populations worldwide, and although normally fairly nonpathogenic, it can cause reproductive, respiratory, or enteric disease – particularly when the animal is concurrently infected with.

According to phylogenetic analyses and standard picornavirus nomenclature, these isolates constitute a new type of bovine enterovirus serogroup A. TEXT Enteroviruses (EVs) constitute a large genus within the positive-stranded RNA family Picornaviridae, with 10 species, including Bovine enterovirus.

Symptoms of mild illness may include fever, runny nose, sneezing, cough, skin rash, mouth blisters, and body and muscle aches. Two of the most common types of non-polio enteroviruses are enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) and enterovirus A71 (EV-A71).

Infections with non-polio enteroviruses are common in the United States during summer and fall. Images used as slide screen saver during the Positive Strand RNA virus in Atlanta.

Images were created from PDB coordinates from of these series of images were created with molecular graphics software Qutemol, VMD or Chimera. Enterovirus characterization and typing require an integrated technological approach, using both immunological and molecular methods.

The seventy-nine enteroviruses included in this study were isolated from cell cultures and classified as enteroviruses on the basis of an indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA) against common enterovirus antigens and a neutralization test based on the Lim. Bovine enterovirus (BEV), a member of the Picornaviridae family, is endemic in some cattle herds and cattle environments around the world (2, 14, 17, 36).

Currently, only two BEV serotypes are recognized, serotype 1 (BEV-1) and serotype 2 (BEV-2) (12, 18, 35). To date, little is known about the molecular mechanisms of host response to EV71 infection, but increases in the level of mRNAs encoding chemokines, proteins involved in protein degradation, complement proteins, and proapoptotis proteins have been implicated.

American Academy of Pediatrics. Section 3: Enterovirus (nonpoliovirus)– clinical manifestations. In Red Book: Report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases, 30th ed. Kimberlin DW, Brady MT, Jackson MA, Long SS, eds. Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics; Top of Page.

Bovine enterovirus (BEV) belongs to the family Picornaviridae (picornaviruses), which consists of small ( nm), nonenveloped viruses with an icosahedral capsid that encloses a single copy of positive-sense RNA genome.

Bovine enteroviruses (BEV) are members of the genus Enterovirus in the family Picornaviridae. They are small (27–30 nm), non-enveloped, positive-stranded RNA viruses with an icosahedral virion and a genome of approximately  kb that contains a single long open reading frame (ORF) flanked by 5’ and 3’ untranslated regions (UTRs).The enteroviruses cause between 10 and 15 million symptomatic infections in the U.S.

each year, ranging in severity from the common cold to overwhelming neonatal sepsis and death. The enteroviruses are leading causes of meningitis, encephalitis, poliomyelitis, myocarditis, and nonspecific febrile illnesses of newborns and young infants.The human enterovirus (HEV) genus of the family Picornaviridae includes the human pathogens that cause a wide spectrum of acute disease, including hand, foot, and mouth disease (), aseptic meningitis (2,3), encephalitis (3–6), and neonatal sepsislike disease (7,8).Sixty-four serotypes of HEV have been recognized antigenically by neutralization tests with anti-HEV antibodies ().